Blockchain scalability refers to the ability of a blockchain network to handle a large number of transactions efficiently. In the context of the Cardano blockchain, scalability is an important issue because the network aims to support a large number of users and transactions.
There are several ways that the Cardano blockchain is working to improve scalability. One approach is the use of “sidechains,” which are separate blockchain networks that are connected to the main Cardano blockchain. This allows for some transactions to be processed on the sidechains, rather than on the main blockchain, which can help to reduce the load on the main network.
Another approach that the Cardano blockchain is taking to improve scalability is the use of “layer 2” protocols, which allow for some transactions to be processed off-chain, again reducing the load on the main blockchain.
Additionally, the Cardano blockchain is being developed using a “proof-of-stake” consensus algorithm, which is more resource-efficient than the “proof-of-work” algorithm used by some other blockchains. This means that it requires less computing power to reach consensus on the network, which can help to improve scalability.
Overall, the Cardano blockchain is using a variety of approaches to improve scalability and support a large number of users and transactions.